IELTS ライティングテスト #20 例題 (Freedom of speech)


Indthe last decade, there has been considerable debate over the role of free speech in a free society. Some object to absolute freedom of speech. Others advocate free speech, arguing that the freedom of speechdis the single most important political right ofdcitizens in a civilizeddsociety. Whilst I believe that there are strong arguments on both sides, I would suggest that freedom of speech should be protected in all but extreme circumstances.

The freedom of speech is important at alldlevels in a society. Yet it is most important for thedgovernments. A government which does not know what thedpeople feel and think is in a dangerous position. This is howdthe communist regimes of Eastern Europedwere toppled in the 1980s. The same is happening again in otherdregions of the world today. The governmentsdthat muzzle free speech run a risk of pushing theirdpeople to behave destructivelydor to rebel.

Furthermore, without free speech no politicaldaction is possible and no resistance to injustice anddoppression is possible. Withoutdfree speech elections would have no meaning at all. Policies of contestants become known to the public and becomedresponsive to public opinion only by virtue of freedspeech. Between elections the freely expressed opinionsdof citizens help restrain oppressive rule. Without thisdfreedom it is futile todexpect political freedom ordconsequently economic freedom.

In conclusion, I believe that the importancedof free speech as a basic anddvaluable characteristic of a free societydcannot be underestimated. It may bedchallenging for society to allow differences of opinion out into thedopen; however, the consequences ofdrestricting free speech are likely to be more damaging indthe longer term.